A cyst develops when elements of the outer layer of the skin (epidermis) become implanted into the dermis. This often occurs after trauma or surgery to the skin or can be caused by a blocked pore. They may be asymptomatic or painful. Cysts can be removed by surgical excision.
A lipoma is the most common benign soft tissue tumor. It is composed of adipose tissue (body fat) and is soft to the touch, usually movable, and generally painless. Many lipomas are small (under one centimeter) but can enlarge in size over time. Lipomas can be removed by surgical excision.
Milia are 1-2 mm white bumps that appear on the face, most commonly around the eyes. They are deeper in the skin than a “whitehead” and usually people are unable to squeeze them out. Milia can be expresssed with a small cutting-edge needle, fine needle electrodessication, or various laser treatments.
A seborrheic keratosis is a common, benign skin growth that often appears in middle-aged and older adults. It starts as a small, rough bump and slowly thickens and develops a warty or waxy surface. They range in color from white to tan or brown to black. Seborrheic keratoses can be removed by cryosurgery, electrocautery and curettage, and by surgical excision.
Yellow bumps that appear on sun-damaged skin, called sebaceous hyperplasia, are extreme examples of enlarged pores with enlarged oil (sebaceous) glands. They commonly occur on sun-damaged facial skin. They are difficult to treat, but can improve slowly with electrodessication and various laser treatments.
An acrochordon, or skin tag, is a small benign tumor that forms primarily in skin creases where the skin rubs together, such as the neck, underarms, and groin. Thes also form on the face and on the eyelids. They are typically painless, but may become irritated by shaving, clothing, or jewelry. Skin tags can be removed by gradle excision, shave excision, and surgical excision.
Treatment of Benign Skin Growths
Skin Surgery is used to remove benign skin lesions including cysts and lipomas. Skin surgery usually involves injection of local anesthesia prior to the procedure to assure patient comfort and stitches to close the wound.
However, Cosmetic Benign Lesion Destruction is used to remove milia, seborrheic keratoses, sebaceous hyperplasia, and skin tags.
Dr. Curcio specializes in Cosmetic and Laser Surgery, as well as Skin Cancer Surgery. She can help you attain the best possible outcome in treating your benign growths and your post-operative scar.